Unit 1: Civics and Citizenship
Unit 1: Civics and Citizenship explores both the rights guaranteed to Americans as well as the attendant responsibilities that come with those rights. Ultimately, the unit culminates with students writing, producing, and sharing a Public Service Announcement that defines, shows, and advocates for civic engagement. The goal of the lesson is that students actively assume the responsibilities of an engaged and thoughtful citizen. The lessons are backwards designed to align with the National Standards for Civics and Government, the Curriculum Standards for Social Studies developed by the NCSS, the Standards for English Language Arts developed by the NCTE and the IRA, and the National Educational Technology Standards developed by the ISTE. The Walter and Leonore Annenberg Presidential Learning Center at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation utilizes a project based approach to civic education while advocating for the comprehensive exploration of primary sources to meet this objective. We hope that you and your students will also take advantage of the plethora of primary and secondary sources on the web to augment these lessons.

Unit 1 Primary Source Materials

· Quotes from a variety of historical figures
· “Declaration of Independence” by Thomas Jefferson
· “Bill of Rights” by James Madison et al.
· The United States “Oath of Allegiance”
· “Citizenship Day Proclamation” by Ronald Reagan
· “On the Duty of Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau
· “Eulogy on Henry Clay” by Abraham Lincoln
· “Opening Statement to Foreign Relations Committee” by Condoleezza Rice
· “Statement on the Senate Reception Room” by Senator John F. Kennedy
· “What makes a good citizen?” from American Profile
· Propaganda Posters created by the United States Federal Government
· A selection of Public Service Announcements created in conjunction with the Ad Council

Letters to the President
In a 1988 radio address in which he discussed education, President Ronald Reagan said, "The education our children deserve is the kind no American should be deprived of, for it's the basic instruction in what it means to be an American... Jefferson and the Founders believed a nation that governs itself, like ours, must rely upon an informed and engaged electorate."

In this lesson, students will learn both to be informed and to be engaged as they learn about an issue that is important to them, and communicate their thoughts on the issue to the President of the United States.

Executive Power in Times of Crisis
At the National Council for History Education Annual Conference, the Walter and Leonore Annenberg Presidential Learning Center presented a new lesson: “Executive Power in Times of Crisis.” This lesson explores the use of executive power in times of crisis in relation to both the Constitution and the legislation of the time. Using exclusive primary source material from the National Archives at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, students will explore how President Lincoln, President Reagan, and President Obama utilize(d) their executive power against the respective threats of their time.

Political Civility in the Age of Reagan
Ronald Reagan believed in developing and maintaining good relationships with those he worked with, regardless of their political orientation. As a result, he earned the trust and respect of political opponents such as Ted Kennedy, Tip O’Neill, as well as Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. This lesson explores whether civility in politics is a necessary component of civic life. Using exclusive primary source material from the National Archives at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, students will examine President Reagan’s remarks about Tip O’Neill and excerpts from Reagan’s radio address to the people of the Soviet Union and consider how these accomplishments relate to his use of civil discourse.

Ronald Reagan and Executive Power
The Center for Civic Education and the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation have collaborated to produce 'Ronald Reagan and Executive Power', a lesson for high school students that examines the use of presidential powers by Ronald Reagan. It explores Article II of the Constitution and discusses how President Reagan exercised his authority under Article II concerning war powers, domestic policy, and foreign policy.

Ronald Reagan: Our Fortieth President

The Center for Civic Education and the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation have collaborated to produce 'Ronald Reagan: Our Fortieth President', a lesson for elementary school students in grades 4 - 6 that tells the story of Ronald Reagan's rise from a small town in Illinois to the highest political office in the United States: the presidency. It also examines his political principles. The lesson focuses on Ronald Reagan's leadership as president. When you have completed this lesson, you should be able to:

· describe how Ronald Reagan developed the qualities of a leader as a young man;
· explain Ronald Reagan's rise to the presidency of the United States;
· describe how Ronald Reagan showed leadership as president;
· explain what it takes to be a leader as president;
· understand Ronald Reagan's legacy to the nation.

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